Interior design is simply the art and science of improving the interior of a structure to create a healthier and more vertically pleasing surroundings for those who use the room. An interior designer is a person who studies, plans, coordinate, and completes such improvement projects. Interior designers have a variety of responsibilities, depending on the type of project they are working on. Some assignments may require extensive research or extensive planning. An interior designer must be versatile enough to handle any task required of him, as he must first visualize the end result of every step he is taking before taking it to fruition.
In the United States, there are currently eight different categories of professions associated with interior design. These professions include the following: architectural engineers or architects, certified furniture and fixture installers, residential planners, structural engineers, construction contractors, environmental engineers or geologists, interior designers and decorators. The interior design field is a relatively young one, having arrived on the scene in the late twentieth century. While the discipline has come a long way since its inception, many elements of the profession still reflect its roots, which were essentially conservative and utilitarian.
Education is essential to become a successful interior designer. Though many people are extremely passionate about the subject, very few have the schooling and professional experience to succeed as an interior designer. Graduates of many design programs can expect to find a career in both the public and private sectors, though most aspire to work in the latter as they are much less likely to get hired for higher paid positions. Graduates of accredited schools, colleges and universities that focus on the decorative arts and design typically have little difficulty finding a job as they have strong interpersonal skills, are detail oriented and enjoy a sense of humor.
Like other professions, the interior design profession is expected to continue to grow and evolve with technology and times. Interior designers are currently expected to be able to design spaces in a space planner’s format, though they are also expected to be capable of working independently without the need for a space planning degree. Graduates of accredited schools are usually capable of performing the majority of the tasks required of an interior designer. The ability to work independently is a key element to being a successful interior designer because clients often expect that their interior designers will be able to work with them and design their space as part of a joint venture. Working in teams is also common in the industry.
The career of an interior designer often involves working in schools and colleges as well as privately owned businesses. In the private sector, many designers work for themselves and set up individual offices. They may also work in government buildings or large corporations. More commonly, designers find employment in residential communities and office buildings where they design areas for relaxation, entertainment and meeting space. There are even some interior designers who design whole buildings.
An interior designer must have good taste and a good eye for art. Aesthetics must be considered in all of the design elements. Good taste can be defined as the ability to distinguish between what is pleasant to the eye and what is inappropriate or offending. Good taste can be learned through education, but it is often cultivated through experience.