Interior design is an art and science of improving the interior of a structure to create a more aesthetically pleasing and healthier environment for those who use the space. An interior designer is a person who studies, plans, coordinates and oversees these improvement projects. An interior decorator is a person who has knowledge in all the disciplines of interior design as well as communication skills.
The study of interior design majors combines the disciplines of art, science, architecture, and horticulture. It begins with a fundamental study of space and design at the level of the student. As part of the curriculum, students are expected to learn the historical backgrounds of architecture, as well as human psychology. The study of art includes an overview of the different disciplines of painting, drawing, textile analysis, and the application of color. Students learn about the principles of form, space, color, light, and form which are applied in the field of interior design.
Students are also required to complete formal training at either a four-year university or a college or technical school prior to embarking on their careers. A Bachelor’s degree is required in fine arts, science, and architecture to be considered for an interior designer position. Some states require a Master’s degree in interior design to be eligible to apply for licensing. After completing the degree program, the individual is expected to be able to demonstrate a significant knowledge of spatial relationships and design principles. Training is provided by professional educators and industry professionals.
Interior designers may choose to continue on to a Master of Science degree program or pursue an interdisciplinary program such as a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Interior Design. Most Interior Designers begin their careers with an Associate’s degree. More advanced degrees may be necessary for positions requiring more advanced skills and knowledge in specific areas. In many cases, individuals choose to continue on to a doctoral degree.
Some states require aspiring interior designers to pass both a state and national exam in order to be licensed. Several professional organizations offer licensing exams. Graduates of these programs are often prepared to pass these examinations and receive their licenses. Once licensed, designers are responsible for complying with local and federal regulations. Graduates of these programs are often well-versed in the science behind the design process and have experiences working with clients in the field.
Interior designers play an important role in creating a space that enhances the physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being of those within its environs. The ability to visualize a space and accurately project its functionality enables designers to design a space that meets its users needs and desires. Graduates of reputable architectural and allied design schools are expected to possess a broad range of technical skills as well as artistic ability. Graduates of reputable schools can expect a rewarding career in the field.