Types of Roofing Materials

When building or renovating a home or commercial structure, one of the most important decisions to make is whether to go for a new roof or a re-roof. The roofing is usually the top protective covering of a structure, comprising all structures and materials needed to support it over the roof of the structure or on uprights. A roof is often a part of the overall building envelope. A roof may be made from different materials like shingles, slate, tiles, wood shakes, and plastic, among others; however, the most common materials used for roofs are slate, wood, metal and concrete.

Roofing is a crucial task because it protects the structural support of the entire building. In addition to the structural support, it also improves energy efficiency by reducing the cost of heating and cooling. There are a number of factors to consider when choosing roofing materials, the primary one being the environment in which the roofing is to be installed. For example, shingles are recommended as the most cost effective covering, but at the same time they are most vulnerable to damage due to snow, rain, UV rays, and ice.

Other roofing options include concrete tiles, shingles, asphalt, vinyl, cellulose, gypsum board, and mineral wool. All these roofing materials differ in terms of durability, maintenance, cost, ease of installation, aesthetics, costs, etc. Concrete tiles are the best option for low-sloped areas and for areas with limited amount of trees. Also, they are highly efficient, easy to install, affordable, and fire resistant.

On the other hand, asphalt shingles are the ideal choice for high-sloping areas and for applications where snow accumulates quickly. Moreover, asphalt shingles are the preferred roofing materials for flat roofs. For such applications asphalt shingles are superior to concrete tiles and are also highly fire resistant.

In comparison to tiles and asphalt shingles, gypsum boards are considered to be more suitable for applications with loose surfaces and for applications where soundness is an issue. Gypsum board is usually made of plastic composites, which are then coated on the outer layer to increase its fire resistance capability. Moreover, the plastic coating serves as a sound insulation that helps to keep the temperature inside the house lower than it would otherwise be. Moreover, they provide a level of flexibility that makes it easy to fit different shapes and sizes without compromising on its support system. Also, they are relatively easy to install.

As the demand for insulating roofs like tiles and asphalt shingles is increasing, producers of roofing materials are investing in research and development of new, more durable varieties of these products. One such product is the polystyrene foam core roofs which offer excellent thermal insulation characteristics and excellent sound insulation properties. This foam core performs well in all kinds of weather and temperatures and does not become brittle under certain conditions. Moreover, this foam core roof does not attract mildew or other kinds of fungus that cause decay in traditional roofing materials.

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